nasa2000 (nasa2000) wrote,

Classification of Nayika-s (heroines) and Nayaka-s (heroes)

Classification of Nayika-s and Nayaka-s

Classification of heroines (Nayika) is given always relating to her hero (Nayaka).

Classifications of Nayika-s (heroines)

By experience in love :

  • Mughdha – inexperienced in love

  • Madhya – partly experienced

  • Pragalbha – mature in the art of love

By attitude towards men:

  • Sweeya – married and faithful to her husband. This is the woman who is married and stays loyal, like Sita and other pativratas (chaste women) like Rukmini, Satyabhama, etc.

  • Parakiya – married to one man, but is in love with another man. Traditionally the Gopi-s (girls from Brindavan) are considered as Parakiya-s. Meera (north poet-devotee of Krishna) is another example. From the point of Madhura Bhakti philosophy, all the souls are married to the world and hanker after God as Parakiya-s.

  • Samanya – free woman, who truly belongs to any man for a price. She fells free to accept any man without restrictions.

  • Jyeshta – the preferred one

  • Kanishta – the other woman

By character and temperament

  • Uttama – self-controlled and tolerant

  • Madhyama – literary the middle one, who gives as she gets

  • Adhama – literary, the low one, who has no self-restraint

By love situation or mental state of the heroine – Ashtavidha Nayika:

  • Swadheenapathika – a woman who is sure and proud of her man. She is confident that he would not even look at another woman. She is very proud of her husband’s love and loyalty. (Padam Entha Chakkani Vade by Kshetrayya, Javali Smarasundaranguni by by Dharmapuri Subbharayar)

  • Vasakasajjika – a woman who is waiting to welcome her lord. She adorns herself and makes preparations to meet him by decorating her surroundings. She want to welcome her lover sweetly. (Padam Teruvil varano by Muthuthandavar, Ashtapadi Pasyati Disi Disi by Jayadeva)

  • Virahotkhandita –one who is disappointed and scared as her lover has not come back. She is separated with her lover and is yearning for reunion. Being separated (viraha) from her lover, she is not sure if he comes back or not. Her pain is more pathetic, it comes close to despair. (Ashtapadi Nindati Chandana by Jayadeva)

  • Abhisarika – one who is impatient and wants to meet him, but he has not yet come. She boldly goes out to meet her lover. (Padam Choodare by Kshetrayya, Ashtapadi Nibhrita Nikunja by Jayadeva)

  • Vipragalbdha – one who discovers that her man is with another woman. She is disappointed that her lover has not turned up at the tryst as he promised. She feels cheated as her lover is not at the meeting place as he promised (it may ne her house also). Consequently, she is frustrated and thus becomes angry. (Sakhi Prana by Dharmapuri Subbarayar)

  • Khandita – one who sends away the deceitful lover in anger. She is angry with her lover for causing disappointment. (Padam Indendu Vachitivira by Kasturi Ranga, Astapadi Yahi Madhava by Jayadeva) The Sthaibhava is anger, but this will be superimposed by other emotions like sarcasm, ridicule, hurt, pride, self-pity, revenge, disgust, and ferocity. Degree of anger depends on type of Nayika.

  • Kalahantarita – one who repents for her hasty behavior in quarreling with her lover, which has resulted in their separation.

  • Proshitapatika – one who is unable to bear a temporary separation from her husband. She is suffering the absence of her lover who is away in a long journey. Being separated from her lover, she is waiting for him, she is sure of his return.

Classification of Nayakas (heroes)

In relation to women:

  • Pati – married and faithful to his wife, like Rama.

  • Upapati – is married and in love with another woman like Krishna.

  • Vaisika – one who plays and enjoys women like Kovalan.

By attitude:

  • Anukoola – who is faithful to the woman.

  • Dakshina – when rejected he pleads to be accepted by the woman.

  • Satha – the deceitful one.

By situation of love relationships:

  • Proshita – the one who has gone on a journey.

  • Virahi – who is separated from his beloved, feels pangs of separation and loneliness.

  • Vipralabdha – one who feels he us cheated by the one he loves.

  • Vaisika – who is seeking union with his beloved

  • Drishta – one who is unfaithful to his beloved. He feels guilty and pleads to forgive him.

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